The normal heart rate for children is contingent on age and activity. A faster rate occurs when the child is undergoing some sort of physical activity and a slower rate occurs when the child is resting. Abnormal heart rates may indicate a problem in the child’s heart and should be immediately examined by a physician or specialist.
What is the Normal Heart Rate for Children? Learn About Childhood Cardiovascular Health
The average heart rate of a ten year old child typically runs about 95 beats per minute. A healthy heart rate range for children is between 70 and 110 beats per minute. This is the normal range when the child is resting and is also referred to as the resting heart rate.
The target heart rate in children is the rate that is recommended for maximum benefit. When a child is exercising, the target rate is the rate that is perfect for maximum physical fitness levels. This is true in both children and adults.
The maximum heart rate in children is the rate that the heart beats while the child is exercising. This rate can be calculated with a formula. For example if a child age 10 is exercising or playing you would take the number 220 and subtract the child’s age of 10 years old leaving the number 210. 210 is the maximum heart rate.
The target rate is approximately 50% of the maximum rate. For the same 10 year old, the target rate would be 105. Doctors recommend that children never exceed 85% of their maximum heart rate. This can also affect the normal blood pressure for children.
Top Factors that Cause a Rapid Heart Rate in Children
- Fever – a fever can cause an elevated heart rate in children. The heart must work harder when the child has a fever in an attempt to cool the body down. It is not uncommon for there to be an abnormal heart rate in children when they are experiencing a fever.
- Dehydration – dehydration often causes the body to work overtime in an attempt to hydrate the body. An irregular heart beat may be witnessed.
- Hormone imbalance – hormone imbalances may cause an irregular or rapid heart rate.
- Congenital heart defects – a normal heart rate for a baby may be affected by congenital heart defects.
Top Warning Signs of a Slow Heart Rate in Children
A slow or low heart rate in children can indicate that the child is very healthy or extremely ill. Warning signs include:
Normal heart rate for children varies from child to child. The age and fitness level of the child may play a huge role in the heart rate. Not all children can be lumped together.