Blood pressure scale readings indicate the amount of force that is placed upon the walls of the blood vessels. Blood pressure numbers are one of the principal vital signs used by medical professionals as an indication of overall health. Having blood pressure levels that are too high or low can cause serious health issues including death.
Blood Pressure Scale: Interpreting the Numbers
Anyone who’s been to the doctor has most likely had their blood pressure taken. Blood pressure levels are always indicated by two sets of numbers. But what do the numbers mean? The top number calculates systolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the amount of blood pressure on the arterial walls when the heart beats. The bottom number, which measures diastolic pressure, measures blood pressure when the heart relaxes.
Blood pressure range charts for adults are as follows:
- 120/80 – This number is considered an average healthy blood pressure reading. 120/80 is a normal blood pressure reading.
- 140/90 – This figure is considered to be high.
- 90/60 – This number is considered low. Low blood pressure is known as hypotension.
Blood Pressure Numbers: Deeper Look
High blood pressure levels are broken into four levels. The four levels include:
- Stage 1 hypertension – 140/90
- Stage 2 hypertension – 100/160
- Stage 3 hypertension – 110/80
- Stage 4 hypertension – 210/120
Hypertension is a serious issue and a chronic medical condition. Persistent hypertension can lead to strokes, heart failure, kidney failure and aneurysm.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
It is very important for people to be educated with blood pressure information in order to return their blood pressure range to normal. The symptoms of high blood pressure include:
- Blurred vision
High blood pressure symptoms can be mitigated through a variety of behavioral changes and medication. People who suffer from high blood pressure can reduce it by eating a sensible diet and exercise. People need to exercise at least 3 times per week for 30 minutes each session and eat several servings of fruits and vegetables per day to lower blood pressure. It is also a good idea to cut out bad habits such as smoking and excessive alcohol intake.
When hypertension symptoms persist exercise and diet may not be enough. High blood pressure scale readings are often times genetic and passed from generation to generation. When this is the case it may be necessary for doctors to prescribe medication to lower blood pressure levels.
The blood pressure scale is an important element of a person’s overall well being. Having the right medical care and lifestyle habits are critically important. With a multi-pronged attack that combines medicine and hard work most people’s high blood pressure will return to normal blood pressure levels.